There are currently no specific legal structures or exclusive regulations for social enterprises in Sweden. But there are different “versions” and the phenomenon attracts attention both in the general debate and among policy makers, in spite of different and at times vague definitions. The Swedish setting highlights social enterprises in a welfare society in transition. The public sector that has dominated the provision of social services is now partly replaced by competition-based models for procurements, in which different types of actors are to compete for contracts. The different types of social enterprise that can currently be identified in Sweden take slightly different roles in relation to the state as well as to other actors in society.