The harmonious development of a state is only possible if social needs that are satisfied with public funds are identified correctly. The institutional state ensures the fulfilment of social needs recognised by citizens as important and its obligation is to build the effective system for the provision of social services that meet these needs. It is in the process of determining social policy goals that the decisions on what services are necessary and how they should be delivered are made, while practical measures that allow for the implementation of these decisions are part of public management.
Social policy is a concept commonly used in public space to describe the socio-economic outcomes of a state’s activity as a public authority. The scope and depth of the measures adopted in social policy practice reflect the economic, political and legal doctrines pursued by a given state. Additionally, social policy practice is also the product of historical and ideological conditions. Contemporary researchers increasingly often endorse the idea that the way in which social policy goals are pursued is strongly affected by a society’s organisational culture and its manifestations in collective and individual activity.