Social Enterprise in Lithuania: Historical Roots and Current Trends

Social Enterprise in Lithuania: Historical Roots and Current Trends

The idea behind the «One day, one team, one chapter…» series is to present the four books published in the framework of the ICSEM Project and the Empower-SE Action, Social Enterprise in Asia, Social Enterprise in Latin America, Social Enterprise in Western Europe and Social Enterprise in Central and Eastern Europe, and to introduce the so many incredible people who took part in the crazy “ICSEM adventure”!

SE development in Lithuania: a still diverse and multifaceted discourse

The discourse on social enterprises in Lithuania is still diverse and multifaced, although it emerged at the beginning of the new millennium, together with processes of legal institutionalisation of this type of enterprise. This chapter sheds light on the historical roots of social enterprise development in Lithuania, exploring challenges related to the use of the concept and contextual factors that have been shaping such development. The chapter also discusses models of social enterprise and how they can be linked to the EMES indicators. The chapter concludes with a short overview of the past, present and future trends in social enterprise development in Lithuania.

The country team: Audronė, Eglė, Agota and Philipp (Lithuania)

EMES member Audronė Urmanavičienė holds a PhD in Management science. She is a social entrepreneurship lecturer at the School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University (Estonia). Her PhD thesis (2019) was on social impact assessment of work integration social enterprises in the Baltic states. Her research interests include social enterprise, social impact and social-impact assessment.



EMES member Eglė Butkevičienė holds a PhD in Sociology. She is a full Professor and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuania). She is also a visiting professor at University of Central Florida (UCF, US). She gives lectures and conducts research on social entrepreneurship, civil society issues, civic participation, social innovations, citizen science.


EMES member Philipp Erpf is co-director and a senior researcher at the Institute for Research on Management of Associations, Foundations and Cooperatives (VMI) at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). He holds a PhD in the field of social entrepreneurship. His research examines social enterprises and social entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation in non-profit organisations as well as social innovation.



Agota Giedrė Raišienė is a professor of management and administration at Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). She focuses on several closely related areas—leadership, human resource management, and organisational communication—to find out how people in organisations should and can function so that their joint activities are both beneficial and deeply meaningful to them, the organisation, and society.


Visit the Routledge website to get information about the four ICSEM books as well as the full Social Enterprise and Social Innovation series. You can also contact these national researchers to learn more about their work or download the ICSEM Project’s flyer here.

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