Roger Spear

Individual researcher

Emeritus Professor of Social Entrepreneurship, Open University
Guest Professor at Roskilde University Centre for Social Entrepreneurship.

For Publications, see Research Gate:

Roger Spear is founder member of the EMES research network, member of the Ciriec Scientific Committee, and teaches organisational systems and research methods in the Department of Innovation and Engineering at the Open University.

He is widely known for research on innovation and development in the third sector, particularly social enterprises. Studies have included: a study of work integration in several European countries; two comparative studies of social enterprises in Europe (see:

He was one of the coordinators of a major CIRIEC project on employment and the third system (funded by European Commission).

Other projects include: part of a team evaluating the UK government’s social enterprise strategy (with GHK); and two UNDP funded projects on social enterprise in Eastern Europe, and former CIS countries; a much quoted research project on Governance and Social Enterprise.

He was an international expert on two EC Peer Reviews: The social economy from the perspective of active inclusion, and on the French social economy.  He has been an expert consultant on several OECD projects on the social economy in Korea, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Other important policy work include: UNDP project on social enterprise in Slovakia; a World Bank project in Egypt on social entrepreneurship (after the Arab Spring); and a mapping of social enterprise in Europe (with ICF-GHK). And recent JRF funded policy and practice study of Cities, the Social Economy and Inclusive growth

He is also currently guest professor at Roskilde University, Copenhagen, Denmark, where he contributes to a pioneering International Masters in Social Entrepreneurship.

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